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Response: Spiritual Act & Social Tact

1Herbert Hoefer, Churchless Christianity (Madras: GLTC&RI, 1991), xiv.

2Swami Muktanand, “Hindu Devotee of Yeshu,” October 16, 2007 blog on Marg Darshan—The Spiritual Path, http://margdarshan.blogspot.com/2007/10/hindu-devotee-of-yeshu.html.

3Pongal is the three-day festival in January that is primarily a social event involving the whole village community. Many village Christians also participate in the festivities, though avoiding the one or two traditional home rituals.

4 Hoefer, Churchless Christianity, 5–6.

5 Also see Andrew Wingate, The Church and Conversion: A Study of Recent Conversions to and from Christianity in the Tamil Area of South India (Delhi: ISPCK, 1997), 139–51.

6 Herbert Hoefer, “Jesus, My Master: ‘Jesu Bhakta’ Hindu Christian Theology,” International Journal of Frontier Missions 19, no. 3, Fall 2002, 39–42.

7H. L. Richard, “Rethinking ‘Rethinking’: Gospel Ferment in India among Both Hindus and Christians,” International Journal of Frontier Missions 19, no. 3, Fall 2002, 7–17; quote from p. 15; emphasis mine.

Paul Joshua TN

Paul Joshua Bhakiaraj

Paul Joshua Bhakiaraj is a commended worker from and an elder at the Tamil Brethren Church in Bangalore and also serves as a lecturer at the South Asia Institute of Advanced Christian Studies, where he teaches courses in both the Theology and Mission departments.