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Different Faces of Islam

1Mapping the Global Muslim Population, a report published in 2009 by the Pew Forum on Reli­gion and Public Life: http://pewforum.org/uploadedfiles/Topics/Demographics/Muslimpop­ulation.pdf (accessed October 1, 2011).

2Frederick Mathewson Denny, An Introduction to Islam, 2nd ed. (New York: Macmillan, 1994), 118.

3Y. I. al-Siekh, The Pillars of Islam (El-Mansoura: Dar Al-Manarah, 2006), 14.

4Ibid., 32.

5Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Islam: Religion, History, and Civilization (San Francisco: HarperSanFran­cisco), 2003, 10.